Basic PHP Syntax and Comments in PHP
A PHP script can be placed anywhere in the document.
A PHP script starts with <?php and ends with ?>:
<?php // PHP code goes here ?>
The default file extension for PHP files is “.php”.
A PHP file normally contains HTML tags, and some PHP scripting code.
Below, we have an example of a simple PHP file, with a PHP script that uses a built-in PHP function “echo” to output the text “Hello World!” on a web page:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <h1>My first PHP page</h1> <?php echo "Hello World!"; ?> </body> </html>
A comment in PHP code is a line that is not read/executed as part of the program. Its only purpose is to be read by someone who is looking at the code.
Comments can be used to:
- Let others understand what you are doing
- Remind yourself of what you did – Most programmers have experienced coming back to their own work a year or two later and having to re-figure out what they did. Comments can remind you of what you were thinking when you wrote the code
PHP supports several ways of commenting:
<?php // This is a single-line comment # This is also a single-line comment /* This is a multiple-lines comment block that spans over multiple lines */ // You can also use comments to leave out parts of a code line $x = 5 /* + 15 */ + 5; echo $x; ?>